I. BASIC KNOWLEDGES of Electrics
A. KNOWLEDGE Electrics
In Electrics will be yielded [by] static electrics which awakened by rubbing the one glass, Let's say he is as contraption from object later;then many theory which grow and now that theory [is] accepted and referred [as] " electron theory" arising out [about/around] year 1900 is. Final [of] eight century [of] compassion when first time the source of electrics found by Volta Galvanis so that possible to be studied [by] its effect [is] [it] set by law certain so that possible to be [counted/calculated] [by] its effect.
Electrics current can be compared to dilution in a pipe if/when jointed [by] a conductor to pattern of[is source of current. Electrics current mean current from electrics emiting a stream of to [pass/through] konsumer-konsumer and conductor at one particular network closed. Electrics current generate effect in conductor and [at] consumer
B.Current electrics direction
Current electrics direction emit a stream of from positive pattern [pass/through] electrics rangkain to negative pattern. Current electrics direction oppose against electron current as according to theory move electron from negative pattern [pass/through] electrics network to positive pattern. Which it is important to know that if/when electrics current emit a stream of in one way hence at the same time contrary electron current of its direction.
1. Hot effect.
A[N strand of metal if/when passed by current will become heat. [At] kendaran technology motorize this hot effect used [by] for example [at] red hot spark plug for the motor of diesel, kendaran rearwindow electrics heater, heater bobbin smoke and in fluorescant lamp where filament heated until one high temperature so that can [release] light..
2. Efect magneting electrics
Electrics current emiting a stream of to [pass/through] a[n conductor generate magnet field [in] around conductor, this occurence [of] dimanfatkan [at] vehicle component, for example : regulator, starter relay, enkindling koil and to
3. Chemical effect [of] electrics..
Electrics current cause reaction of if/when emiting a stream of to [pass/through] a[n electrolyte, for example oxygen dilution or salt. Battery [at] vehicle [is] a[n component because of by chemical effect [of] electrics, [at] electrics current battery because of reaction of chemistryElectrics current cause reaction of if/when emiting a stream of to [pass/through] a[n electrolyte, for example oxygen dilution or salt.
D. Direct current ( DC) And current return ( AC)
Direct current ( DC) [is] of a kind current which always have [is] same current direction [pass/through] electrics network, that [is] situation where source of electrics in that network have unadjusted pole that is yielding unidirectional voltage ( DC). Ac ( AC) [is] of a kind current having direction shuffle through because source of electrics current yield voltage shuffle through because source of electrics current yield voltage shuffle through ( alternating voltage). Kelistrikan system [at] motor vehicle use direct current, its electrics come from ac by using " inverter". [At] motor vehicle wearing AC generator ( alternator) need change [of] that ac if alternator according to used [by] [at] the motor vehicle.
Magnetism [is] the nature of from electrics current and magnet can yield a[n style field, nature of magnet [is] can draw object ( iron), magnetism needed to starter generator and other component. Magnetism [is] the nature of from electrics current and magnet can yield a[n style field, nature of magnet [is] can draw object ( iron), magnetism needed to starter generator and other component.
1. Permanent Magnet
All magnet have north pole and south, magnet style field consist of magnet style lines which ad among poles mark with lines magnet style, starting from magnet north pole to magnet antartic. Compass needle show direction from style lines. [Among/Between] U style field magnetic pole more concentration because distance [among/between] shorter pole. More and more narrow distance [among/between] magnet style field concentration magnetic pole.
A[N conductor conducting current encircled by magnet field with beraturan style lines encircle as long as conductor. That conductor don't have north pole and south. Style lines work to right angle;corner [of] conductor used for example for the measurement of current [at] starter cable, a[n simple ammeter, starter current indicator placed [by] outside magnet field and cable move that instrument. Movement style lines direction around conductor can be determined by using various rule ( order). One of [the] [is] order walke spiral that is bersaman style field and arh with right putarn direction from current direction in conductor.
3. effect’s Magnet
If/When two contrary placed permanent megnet [of] pole, iotu magnet will draw humanity. If that magnet [is] discharged with magnet humanity poles will refuse one with is other ( separate). Adversative pole draw to draw, namesake pole refuse to refuse
4. Influence Style from Current in Conductor
If/When current emit a stream of contraryly [of] direction [at] two parallel strand of metal, hence flange style lines to place which [is] sam sent [by] magnet lapngan and conductor will become strained, magnet field refuse that conductorThis symptom [is] used [by] [at] entire/all electromotor, conductor residing in [at] magnet field among two pole and given [by] current hence that conductor will make a move. Some parallel conductor bring current in is one way, making a[n [common/ public] magnet field, like many in component. Like example [of] for example bobbin at one particular ignition koil, shoe bobbin [at] DC generator, generating bobbin at one particular alternator.
5Field Magnet around Bobbin
Magnet field will be yielded [by] around bobbin [pass/through] current roll, that bobbin have north pole and south like permanent magnet bar, polar [of] that bobbin ( koil) base on current direction and can be determined by using right hand theorem. Hold bobbin by hand right, radius show current direction and thumb show north pole. If soft iron rasher used as [by] the core of that kunparan [of] magnet field strength increase some hundred times, because core of conductor iron which good to magnet style lines, while air [is] bad conductor. strength [of] Field electrics magnet base on the amount of circumference [at] current amount and bobbin [pass/through] that bobbin
Here there [is] three instrument type, namely
1. Coil instrument Moving
2. Iron instrument Moving
3. Magnet instrument Moving
Furthermore clarification shall be as follows :
a) Moving instrument coil
Coil instrument Moving [is] square koil [of] placed length at one particular tinder with pad so that can rotate [at] [among/between] magnetic pole, indicative needle attached [by] [at] tinder and if/when [there] no voltage to indicative needle instrument reside in on course 0 ( nol) because of spiral spring furl ( spring coilCurrent from positive pole to coil moving [pass/through] spiral spring furl under. yielded [by] Magnet field [about/around] coil moving relate to magnet field style among magnetic pole so that cause peripatetic coil moving. Instrument like this used [by] many [at] vehicle tes appliance. Coil instrument Moving to voltmeter, that instrument [is] provided with connective [by] resistor [of] series which [is] its prisoner [is] [counted/calculated] in its [relation/link] with coil moving prisoner
b) Moving Iron instrument
Iron instrument Moving have coil which [is] its field effect [of] nya to a vane from soft iron, that vane [is] put down [by] [at] tinder tail and pulled small farther if/when current growing larger, irregular scale because situation [of] its magnet. First shares from scale with distance of[is division of short, this instrument suited for DC current and AC.
c) Moving Magnet instrument
A vane from soft iron attached [by] [at] tinder tail and placed [by] among horse nail magnetic pole. that Armature position [is] determined by field from that magnet style and the which that magnet field [is] yielded by current which passing koil. If/When current emit a stream of to [pass/through] that vane koil will rotate and digress current. That instrument [is] used to amperemeter [at] electrics system, he show charge ( mengisi) or [do] not charge but that instrument [do] not presisi
Or thunderbolt thunder [is] natural symptom which usually emerge [at] the rains where in the sky emerge flashy momentary light glint [is] usually referred [as] [by] flash which a few moments [is] later;then caught up by ear thunder [is] often referred [as] [by] Thunder. Difference [of] this Time apparition [is] caused [by] the existence of difference [among/between] speed voice and velocity of light.
Thunder represent natural symptom which we [is] analogy can with a giant capacitor, where first plate [is] cloud ( plate can be negative or positive plate) and [both/ second] [is] earth ( assumed is neutral). Such as those which have been known [by] capacitor [is] a passive component [at] electrics network which can momentary energi saving ( storage energy). Thunder also earn happened from cloud to cloud ( intercloud), where one of [the] negative bermuatan cloud and other cloud [of] positive bermuatan.Thunder happened caused by potential difference [among/between] earth and cloud or with other cloud. Process the happening of payload [at] cloud because peripatetic him continuously regularly, and during movement [of] [him/ it] he/she [is] interaction will with other cloud so that negative charge will gather [at] one of [the] side ( to the or under), while positive payload gather [at] side on the contrary. If potential difference [among/between] big enough earth and cloud, hence will happened negative charge dismissal ( elektron) from cloud to earth or on the contrary to reach balancely. [At] this payload dismissal process, media passed by electron [is] air. At the (time) of electron can penetrate air-insulation boundary sill this is happened voice explosion. Thunder a more regular happened [at] the rains, because the in the situation pregnant air [of] higher level water rate so that its insulation energy go down and easier current emit a stream of. Caused by negative bermuatan cloud and positive bermuatan cloud, hence thunder also can happened between different cloud [of] payload.
V.PRINSIP WORK ACCUMULATOR
Battery [release] current
1. Oxygen ( O) [at] positive plate escape because bereaksi/bersenyawa/bergabung with hydrogen ( H) [at] electrolyte dilution which inch by inch both joining / turning into water ( H20
2. Sour ( SO4) [at] electrolyte dilution joint forces with tin ( Pb) [in] positive plate and also negative plate [of] sehigga both [of] the plate.
This reaction will well on into content ( battery energy) [used up/finished] alias in a state of discharge.
At the (time) of battery in a state of discharge hence most of all coherent acid [at] plates in cell so that its very low concentration eletrolit dilution and exclusive almost only consisting of water ( H2O), as a result specific gravity downhill dilution become [about/around] 1,1 singk / dm3 and this come near to specific gravity water which is 1 singk / dm3. While battery which still have full blast [to] specific gravity [him/it] [about/around] 1,285 singk / dm3. So, with difference specific gravity this is capacities fill battery can know [by] do still full (of) or have decreased that is by using hydrometer appliance. This hydrometer represent one of [the] appliance which [is] obliged to [in] accumulator workshop ( workshop providing service electrize / accumulator charge). Besides at the (time) of battery in a state of discharge hence 85% electrolyte dilution consist of water ( H2O) where this water can froze up me, battery box break and plates become to destroy. V.PRINSIP
PLTA change caused [by] energi [is] style fall water to yield electrics. Turbine convert motion energy fall water into mechanic energy. Later;Then generator convert the mechanic energy from turbine into electric energy.
Type PLTA all kinds of, strarting which in form of " mikro-hidro" ably mensupalai for a few just house until in form of giant like Barrage Karangkates providing electrics to millions of people. Photo hereunder show PLTA [in] River
middle PLTA type [of] electrics supply capable to to 8.000 people. Component
most conventional PLTA have four especial component as follows
1. Barrage, functioning boost up river water level to create high fall water. Besides water menyimpan, barrage [is] also woke up as a mean to energi menyimpan
2. Turbine, style fall water pushing propeller cause rotary turbine. Turbine irrigate most like windmill, by replacing function push wind to feather to be replaced [by] water to turn around turbine. Hereinafter turbine change caused [by] kenetik energi [is] style fall water become mechanic energi
3. , attributed to turbine [pass/through] tooth turn around so that when rotary turbine propeller hence generator also follow to rotate. Generator hereinafter change mechanic energi from turbine become electrical energi. Generator [in] PLTA work as does other power station generator
4 Transmission Line, functioning channel electrics energi from PLTA [go] to industrial estate and house
How much/many electrics which can be yielded by PLTA ?
Level of yielded [by] electrics [is] PLTA depended two the following factor
1. How big water which fall. Water excelsior fall, hence is ever greater [of] yielded energy. Usually is, high [of] water fall depended [is] high the than a[n barrage. Excelsior a[n barrage, water excelsior fall hence is ever greater [of] yielded tanaga. Man of science say that high fall water compare diametrical with distance fall. Equally, irrigate to fall with distance two set of hence will yield two set of energi more
2. Amount of water which fall. More and more water which fall to cause turbine will yield energy which is more. Amount of available water depended to amount of water emiting a stream of [in] river. Ever greater [of] river will have larger ones stream and can yield energi which many. Energy also compare diametrical with river stream. Twice bigger river in conducting water will yield twice the many energi.
Principle work PLTU Paiton unit 7 and 8 in general [is] combustion [of] coal [at] boiler to heat water and alter the the water become very hot vapour which used to move turbine and yield electric power from magnet field coil [in] generator. used [by] System Arrangement [at] this plant power use system arrangement [of] Loop closed, where used water for a few process to represent [is] same water rotation, only require to be enhanced [by] if (it) is true existing level less than set its its[his]. just Its for which change, [at] extant some level water, but [at] extant other level [of] vapour
Process early from pumped water to condenser, later;then from condenser pumped to Polisher to be processed precipitation to and korosi lose , [is] afterwards pumped to Feed Water Heater 1, 2, 3 and 4 to be heated and [is] later;then poured into Daerator to eliminate gas - O2 gas and CO2 [is] later;then pumped again go to Feed Water Heater 6, 7, 8 later on will be continued [by] [in] Economizer for the dinaikan of its temperature and hereinafter go to Steam Drum to be dissociated [by] [among/between] water and vapour , afterwards existing Superheated Steam will [pass/through] Super First [of] Heater, Super Secondary [of] Heater and form Superly [of] Heated Steam to be used to turn around HP turbine so that pressure and [his/its] temperature will go down so that its SH [of] nya need reheat that happened [in] Re Heater, from this Re Heater [of] SH Steam will be returned to Turn around IP and LP Turbine. In this turbine will happened thermal energi conversion from Steam become mechanical energi [of] berotasi causing rotary turbine rotor. Rotation [of] this Rotor to move Generator and finally by mechanical energi generator will be turned into electrics energi.
CONCEPT WORK SYSTEM PLTS.
~that Energy surya power station [of] its concept modestly. That is altering sunlight become electrics energi. Sunlight represent one of [the] energi form from natural resources. this Sun natural resources have used many for the memasok of electricity [in] communications satellite [pass/through] surya cell. this Surya cell can yield electrics energi in number which is not be direct limited taken away from [by] sun, without there [is] rotatory shares and [do] not need fuel. So that surya cell system [is] often told [by] environmental friendliness and cleanness.
~Bandingkan with a electrics generator, there [is] rotatory shares and need fuel to be able to yield electrics. Its voice [of] noise. Besides gas throw away which [is] yielded can generate glasshouse gas effect ( gas house green) which [is] its influence can destroy our earth planet ekosistem
used Cell surya system on the surface of earth consist of surya cell panel, admission filling kontroler network ( controller charge), and accumulator ( batere) 12 volt which [is] free maintenance. Cell surya panel represent module which compose some merged into surya cell connect series and depended parallel [of] size measure and needed capacities. What [is] often used [by] [is] surya cell module 20 watt or 30 watt. that Cell surya module yield electrics energi which [is] proporsional broadly surface [of] hit [by] panel [is] sunshine
Kontroler accumulator filling network in that surya cell system represent electronic network arranging its accumulator filling process. This Kontroler can arrange accumulator tension in after tension 12 minus plus volt 10 [gratuity/ %]. If/When tension get down to 10,8 volt, hence kontroler will fill accumulator with surya panel as its resource. Of course process that admission filling will happened if/when taking place at the (time) of there [is] sunlight. If degradation [of] that tension happened at night, hence kontroler will break pemasokan [of] electrics energi. After that admission filling process take place during several hours, that accumulator tension will go up. If/When that accumulator tension reach 13,2 volt, hence kontroler will discontinue that accumulator filling process
~~that Kontroler admission filling network in fact easy to to be assembling [by] xself. But, usually this kontroler network have (is) available in situation become [in] marketing. (It) is true that costly kontroler price enough if bought as separate unit. Most that surya cell system only sold in the form of readily complete package wear. Become, surya cell system in the form of that cheaper clear complete package compared to if/when assemble [by] xself
Usually that surya panel put down with static position face sun. Though that earth make a move to encircle sun. gone through [by] orbit [is] earth in form of elip with sun reside in one of [the] its focus. Because peripatetic sun [is] angular shape always change, hence with that that static surya panel position will not be obtained [by] optimal electrics energi. [So that/ to be] can be permeated maximumly, hence that sunshine have to be laboured always fall vertical [at] surface [of] surya panel. Become, to get optimal electrics energi, that surya cell system still have to equip also with optional kontroler network to arrange direction surface [of] surya panel [so that/ to be] always face sun in such a manner so that mahatari [light/ray] fall vertical almost [at] its panel [of] nya. Kontroler like this can be woke up, for example, by using mikrokontroler 8031. This Kontroler [do] not modestly, because consisting of hardware shares and part of software. Usually, complete surya cell system package [is] [is] not including kontroler to move surya panel automatically so that sunshine fall vertically. In consequence, kontroler kinds of this costly enough.
~~Way of Power Station Energy Surya system [job/activity] by using Grid-Connected Photovoltaic surya cell panel for the housing of .
Cell Photovoltaic surya module change surya energi become DC electrics current. yielded [by] Current Electrics DC will be conducted to [pass/through] a[n inverter ( energy regulator) which changing [his/its] become AC electrics current, as well as automatically will arrange entire/all system. Electrics AC will be distributed to [pass/through] a[n indoor distribution panel to conduct electrics as required [by] equipments [of] electrics. Big and expense of electrics consumption used in house will be measured by a[n Watt-Hour Meters
Especial component [of] fotovoltaik surya system [is] module representing assembly unit some fotovoltaik surya cell. To make fotovoltaik module manufacturingly can use crystal technology and film thin. Fotovoltaik crystal module can be made with technology which relative modestly, while to make fotovoltaik cell needed [by] high technology
Fotovoltaik module lapped over from some connective fotovoltaik cell break evenly and is parallel. Expense of [released] to make surya cell module that is equal to 60% from total expense. Become, if that surya cell module can produce in country mean will be able to cost effective PLTS development. To that's, module making [of] surya cell in Indonesia first phase [is] to make frame ( frame), later;then make lamination with cell which still imported. If request [of] market many hence making [of] cell [done/conducted] in country. This matter because technology making [of] surya cell with single silicon materials and cristal poly theoretically have been mastered. In the field of used [by] fotovoltaik [at] PLTS,
in the reality have passed research step and development and now [go] to
execution step and installation for the electrification of to [be] is rural. Indonesia
This sophisticated technology enough and its advantage [is] its cheap price, cleanness, attached easy and operated and [is] easy to taken care of. While especial constraint which faced in fotovoltaik surya energi development [is] invesment early big and price per high awakened electrics kWh relative, because needing subsistem which consist of battery, regulator unit and inverter as according to its requirement
Principle Work Power Station Nuclear Energy.
~~Nuclear, a word which [is] eeriness mesh and Iuridness. Possible this crushing event gara-gara two
town, Nagasaki And Hiroshima,
terminating world war. Both [of] the town fall to pieces by two so called
nuclear bomb " Little Boy", recent application [of] subatomik physics
by [all] physics [in] United States. its Saking Trauma [of] us with word "
nuclear", recent application [of] so called other subatomik physics [of]
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance ( NMR) turned into Magnetic Resonance Imaging ( MRI). Japan
[Do] not only technological problem [of] destroyer, nuclear have also brought ugly memory to Europe tragedy semenjak citizen burst [it] power station [in] Chernobil ( Energetic Ukraina) [of] nuclear [at] 26 April 1986. Seven previous year, precisely [at] 28 March 1979, nuclear energy power station [in] Three Mile Island ( Pensylvania, United States) have burst and give ugly memory to United States citizen specially and world generally. making appalling non [at] ruination effect of explosion, but what is going on after explosion: natural mortal [of] mutation. There [is] one eyed baby have, foot/feet [to] three have, finger [to] below par, and all that are other bizzare. Place region happened accident have to be sterilized ( may not dimasukki) for the time of hundreds of years.
~~~Why so? This in physics referred [as] [by] event " peluruhan" ( decay). There are some Iihat vitamin [in] this nature which is unstable to be, referred [as] [by] radioactive Iihat vitamin, and to reach stability he/she metamorphose by transmitting a number of its mass to environment ( this event [is] referred [as] [by] meluruh). transmitted to be Iihat vitamin to be categorized in three [light/ray] type: alpha [light/ray], beta rays, and gammaray. Third [of] this [light/ray] [of] interaction can with other items and in certain dose [of] items ion can be the other. For example paper sheet which initially [do] not bermuatan can become bermuatan after hit [by] radioactive [light/ray] [at] certain dose. Result of interaction will become direr when this radioactive [light/ray] have [of] interaction [to] with items live like husk network and our DNA body.
If so horrifying [him/ it], why strong in idea still people wish to exploit nuclear like in the field of medical and power station? Its [of] simple nya: because figure [in] subatomik world ( like atomic nucleus) pregnant [of] awful energi which required [by] everyday activity manusiauntuk [of] nya. Question: efficiently and safely energy the get to how?
Power Station Nuclear Energy Susquehanna,
Pensylvania, United States
Power station nuclear energy ( PLTN), for example, striving to take free [by] energi when a atomic nucleus break to become atomic nucleus which is smaller to be ( referred [as] [by] reaction of fissile). Place the happening of this reaction in PLTN referred [as] [by] reactor. The reaction have to earn to be controlled by operator ( human being), otherwise hence happened reaction related to which [is] tak-terkendali and can cause fatally ( like bursting).
broken atomic nucleus come from unstable atom ( radioaktif) like Uranium-235 ( U-235). U-235 [is] very sensitive Uranium isotope to reaction related to. In nuclear technique, particle capable to give reaction related to this referred [as] [by] fissile. Number 235 [is] atom mass number showing the amount of neutron and proton in its nucleus;core. And neutron proton [is] atomic nucleus compiler particle, referred [as] [by] nukelon.
Reaction related to from U-235.
To yield reaction related to, U-235 atomic nucleus shot by a tardy peripatetic neutron ( referred [as] " neutron slow" or also " neutron thermal"). Speed move real neutron can be arranged, but have been [counted/calculated] in such a manner so that react to related to from easier tardy neutron movement controlled. When neutron slow concerning its goals, that is U-235 atomic nucleus, atomic nucleus break to become two other atomic nucleus and a number of neutron. Neutron result of from this reaction will [regarding/ hit] the core of other U-235 atom atom-inti and so further. referred [as] This " reaction related to" ( reaction chain)
I do over, reaction related to have to earn to be controlled by operator, and because of that's speed [of] first neutron which shot off have to lower so that react to related to which [is] yielded can be controlled. In nuclear bomb, jutru required [by] reaction related to which [is] tak-terkontrol so that yielded [by] energi very big.
Let us a little a few/little. Slow neutron kinetic energy which is [is] ordinary to be shot off [by] [is] [about/around] 7,5 Mev - Mev [is] Mega electronVolt, a set of energi by 1 eV = 1,6 x 1019 joule, very small! Energi result of reaction of fissile [is] 8,4 Mev. Difference 0,9 Mev per nucleon come from free energi by reaction of fissile. This Energi come from antarnukleon binding energy in nucleus;core. Thereby, totalize free [by] energi each;every reaction of U-235 fissile [is] the amount of nucleon multiplied [by] energi per nucleon, that is 235 x 0.9 Mev or [about/around] 200 Mev per one atomic nucleus.
Small? Yes, small number. But don't forget, calculation above is to one U-235 atomic nucleus, which mass one U-235 atomic nucleus [about/around] ( pembulatan) 3,9 x 10-22 gram. Its meaning, 1 pregnant U-235 gr [about/around] 1 / 3,9×10-22 =
2,8 x 1021 U-235 atomic nucleus. If all reacting in reactor, hence yielded energi a number of 200 x 2,8 x 1021 Mev = 5,6 x 1023 Mev - or [about/around] 8,9 Megajoule. Energi counted this can be yielded by tilery counted 2650 embers stone singk!!! ( Don'T forget, besides stone energi smolder also yield pollution.) energi a number of 200 x 2,8 x 1021 Mev = 5,6 x 1023 Mev - or [about/around] 8,9 Megajoule. Energi counted this can be yielded by tilery counted 2650 embers stone singk!!! ( Don'T forget, besides stone energi smolder also yield pollution.)
Elementary principle [of] PLTN [job/activity].
following piquancy: how to alter energi so much become electrics in a PLTN? Its Answer enough nonplus, or possible disappoint to some of us: energi a number of that weared to boil tun irrigate so that become vapour. That vapour [is] later;then conducted to pass pipe which later;then can move turbine. Rear turbine there [is] laboring generator like a commisioned giant dynamo alter energi move mechanic become electrics energi. ( Differ from motor altering electrics energi become energi move mechanic, or enjin altering energi result of combustion become energi move mechanic). Process early which [is] " technology high very" [is] in the reality terminated by " technology conventional old-style very", hehehe.
Simply, the skematik can be explained as follows. Reaction of fissile related to happened [in] reactor ( C), with U-235 fuel in the form of bar ( about as long as 2,5 cm). Bar U-235 controlled by pengontrol bar ( B). this Operator Menaikturunkan pengontrol bar to control speed reaction of related to. Bar go down to mean faster react happened, so also on the contrary.
Energi yielded by reaction of fissile brought in the form of heat by special fluid to water tube ( D). Hot this boil water which [is] its vapour [is] brought by pipe to move turbine ( H). Rear turbine there [is] generator ( G) altering energi move mechanic become electrics.
Aqueous vapour which have moved turbine losing of heat and change again become water. To quicken refrigeration process, cool water from water tower ( J) piped ( I). Water which have been chilled to be to be pumped to ( D). So further.
Turbine mechanism and generator altering mechanic energi become electrics energi [is] separate solution.
Become in fact merely there [is] three power station type: energetic [of] water ( turbine moved by water), energetic [of] vapour ( moved by aqueous vapour), and is energetic [of] wind ( turbine moved by water). Its problems [is]: from where get water, vapour, and the wind Energi yielded by reaction of fissile brought in the form of heat by special fluid to water tube ( D). Hot this boil water which [is] its vapour [is] brought by pipe to move turbine ( H). Rear turbine there [is] generator ( G) altering energi move mechanic become electrics.
Aqueous vapour which have moved turbine losing of heat and change again become water. To quicken refrigeration process, cool water from water tower ( J) piped ( I). Water which have been chilled to be to be pumped to ( D). So further.
Turbine mechanism and generator altering mechanic energi become electrics energi [is] separate solution.
Become in fact merely there [is] three power station type: energetic [of] water ( turbine moved by water), energetic [of] vapour ( moved by aqueous vapour), and is energetic [of] wind ( turbine moved by water). Its problems [is]: from where get water, vapour, and the wind
Later;Then, why PLTN remain to be idol? Especial consideration [is] its very is high efficiency. One equivalent U-235 gram by 2650 embers stone! Wacky. Efficiency always related to production cost which [is] its back parts surely speak advantage problem. Progressively efficiency a process, more and more advantage ( good [of] technology and also finansial) got. Hereinafter [is] economic law conversing.
[both/ second] [is] environmental friendliness. Embers stone, petroleum, and natural gas earn berberan upon which burn to boil water, but air pollution producer they were all. Nuclear [do] not give air pollution, except radioactive waste able to be managed with separate technique. ( Radioactive waste become special topic to be disputed.)
Third reason [is] security. Lho, kok? Technological [of] PLTN much more sophisticated than other power station. Principle in technique [is]: sophisticated progressively, peaceful progressively. Become, ought to PLTN much more peaceful than is other. Accident [of]
Chernobyl and pure [of] mistake [of]
operator, is not failure [of] reactor Three Miles
Power Station Wind Power
Wind [is] one of [the] available energi form [in] nature, Power Station Wind Power convert wind energi become electrics energi by using wind turbine or windmill. Way of its simple enough [job/activity], wind energi turning around wind turbine, continued to turn around rotor [at] wind turbine backside generator, so that will yield electrics energi. this Energi Electrics usually will be kept into battery before can be exploited. Simply sketch windmill shall be as follows
Indonesia, archipelagic country which is 2 / its 3 region [is] ocean and have longest coastline [in] world that is ± 80.791,42 Km represent potential region for the development of wind power electrics pembanglit, but this potency darling likely not yet been peeped at by government. Ironic really,
moment become world konfrensi host concerning global warm-up [in] Nusa Two, Bali by the end of year 2007, government exactly will
develop;build berbahan power station burn coal representing number cause 1
Condition - wind condition and condition able to be used to yield electrics energi can be seen [by] [at] tables of following
Class wind 3 [is] minimum boundary and class wind 8 [is] maximum [of] wind energi able to be exploited to yield electrics energi
Energi wind exploiting represent new energi exploiting which most expanding in this time. Pursuant to data from WWEA ( World Wind Energy Association), up to year 2007 estimate [of] electrics energi yielded by tired wind turbine 93.85 Gigawatts, yielding more than 1% from totalizeing kelistrikan globally. American, Spanyol And
represent terdepan state in
wind energi exploiting. Expected in the year 2010 totalizeing wind power power
station capacities by glogal reach 170 Gigawatt China
In the middle of wind potency abundance [in]
coastal area area, total [of] capacities attached in system convert wind energi
in this time less than 800 kilowatt. In all Indonesia , five generating windmill
unit have each capacities [to] 80
kilowatt ( kW) have been woke up. Year 2007, seven unit with [is] same
capacities catch up to be woke up [by] [in] four location, each [in] Island
[Screen/Sail] three unit, Sulawesi North two unit, and Nusa Penida, Bali, and
also Bangka Belitung, each one unit. Relate [at] policy [of] national energi,
hence wind energy power station ( PLTB) targeted to reach 250 megawatt ( MW) in
the year 2025 Indonesia
Power Station Energy Diesel.
PLTD [is] a[n electrics pemabngkit installation which consist of a[n generating unit ( SPD ) and evocation medium .
Diesel Engine [is] especial activator to get electrics energi and [released] by Generator . [At] Energi Fuel Diesel engine turned into mechanic energi with combustion process in itself machine.
Diesel Engine at the moment have experiencing of many growth in usage for the land transport of sea and, later;then evocation in middle and small energy even until big energy someone have using [him/ it].
To water down in [doing/conducting] Diesel machine maintenance [all] technician have to have mechanical knowledge bases [of] good diesel, [so that/ to be] each;every [doing/conducting] conservancy [all] technician can treat each;every component staying in machine, as according to its construction. Besides understanding of about machine construction, as base recognition [of] machine will knowledge do not want to about principle work Diesel Engine have to well posted.
this Knowledge base facilitate to follow each;every happened growth about machine which longer [is] progressively claimed [by] more
goodness again from performance facet, usage [of] fuel, machine dimension, mount its compact construction polusidan progressively and its light wight.
Later;Then to overcome trouble become easier detect earlier will the happening of trouble and also facilitate to determine gannguan type and also penanggulangannya.